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First Aid for Hazardous Marine Life Injuries
Serious hazardous marine life
injuries are rare, but most divers experience minor discomfort from
unintentional encounters with fire coral, jellyfish and other marine
creatures. This course teaches divers to minimize these injuries and
reduce diver discomfort and pain.
A diver surfaces from a dive in an area abundant with coral, removes his fins
and finds redness, swelling and blisters just beginning to show on his left
ankle. He also experiences a stinging sensation on the same ankle.
A diver, following a dive to an area filled with marine life, notices a small
bite pattern on his lower right leg and some stiffness; he also experiences
difficulty swallowing, has a generalized weakness and a slight numbness in the
area of the bite.
A diver experiences pain, nausea and some swelling
associated with a purple-and-black puncture wound in his left knee.
The common thread from each of the three injuries is that they likely came
from contact with some form of hazardous marine life. Given similar
circumstances with you or a dive buddy, would you be able to appropriately treat
At the end of this program, participants will be able to:
- Identify the four types of hazardous marine life injuries.
- Name at least five venomous marine animals.
- List five common warning signs of an envenomation.
- Describe the appropriate first aid procedure for managing a
venomous marine animal injury.
- Name at least three aquatic animals that may bite a diver.
- List two common warning signs of marine animal bite.
- Describe the appropriate first aid procedure for managing a bite
from a marine animal.
- Name at least three marine animals that may cause irritations to
- List at least four common warning signs of irritations.
- Describe the appropriate first aid procedure for accidental
contact with aquatic life.
- Identify two common types of seafood poisonings.
- Name at least three types of fish that can cause seafood
- List three common warning signs of seafood poisoning.
- State the reason why evaluation by a medical professional is
necessary when seafood poisoning is suspected.
- Describe the appropriate first aid procedures for managing
suspected seafood poisoning.
- Perform a scene safety assessment.
- List the steps in performing a scene safety assessment.
- Assess the Airway, Breathing and Circulation (ABCs) of an injured
- Demonstrate a caring attitude towards a diver who becomes ill or
- Establish and maintain the Airway and Breathing (perform Rescue
Breathing) for an injured diver.
- Describe the importance of the use of supplemental oxygen as a
first aid measure for injured divers.
- Demonstrate the techniques for controlling bleeding including
direct pressure, elevation and the use of pressure dressings and
- Locate and demonstrate the use of pressure points to control
- Apply dressings and bandages to manage wounds caused by hazardous
- Demonstrate an ongoing assessment and manage shock.
- Demonstrate the pressure immobilization technique.
- List the components of an Emergency Assistance Plan.
- Describe at least five techniques or guidelines that minimize the
risk of injury from marine animals.
Skill Performance Objectives
To successfully complete the DAN First Aid for Hazardous Marine Life
Injuries course, participants must demonstrate skill and confidence
providing first aid to injured divers who have simulated hazardous
marine life injuries.
The nature and scope of this course is limited to training divers and
interested non-divers such as boat captains, water enthusiasts and
non-diving family members to identify potential hazardous marine life;
to provide first aid for a hazardous marine animal injury; and to
prevent injuries caused by hazardous marine life. This course does not
provide training for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or scuba diving
rescue. The training exercises of this course presuppose that the ill or
injured diver has already been brought to shore or is aboard the boat.
|The First Aid for Hazardous Marine Life Injuries program is designed to
provide knowledge regarding specific types of marine creature injuries and the
general first aid treatment for those injuries.
COST - $65 per student (4 hours of class room) : No prerequisites - Non Divers OK
- Max 18 Students